Cave of Forgotten Dreams, by Werner Herzog is so quiet and mysterious, Herzog’s narration so sweet and sleepy, that it feels as though the film itself becomes a part of your dreams, dreams you will never forget because they’re marked on stone and captured on film.
The movie has a sort of dream-like logic to it that I love: When faced with something that you don’t understand, follow it farther and deeper than you would have thought possible. Even as you’re exploring, and you realize that you will never understand, you keep looking, because the mystery itself is so beautiful. Herzog interviews circus performer-turned-archaeologist Julien Monney, one of the few people allowed to explore the cave. His thoughts about the experience are so beautiful to me, so full of the logic of dreams and memory. Because no forgotten dream is ever fully or permanently forgotten–any small thing can bring it rushing to memory as a nagging shadow. Monney tells us that exploring the cave, and trying to understand what he saw there is, “a way to understand things which is not a direct way.” This is exactly what I love. I love the idea of looking at something from the side, or from some angle we can’t even imagine.
Cave of Forgotten Dreams is a small glimpse into the Chauvet Cave in Southern France. These caverns contain the oldest cave paintings yet discovered, and they’re remarkable. They show bears and lions and rhinoceros and jaguars, creatures you can’t imagine living in the South of France. The pictures are layered one upon another in a marvelous design. The paintings are beautifully rendered, stylized but so well-observed you believe whoever painted them must have spent hours watching the animals. Their faces are wise and almost sweet, or so it seemed to me. They’re almost all in profile, except for one bison who looks right at you. Some are surrounded by layers of rippling silhouette, which makes it feel like they’re moving. Or as Herzog says, “The artist painted this bison with eight legs, suggesting movement – almost a form of proto-cinema.”
There are no paintings of human figures, and no human bones were found in the cave. Only two very small sculptures in the cave show human forms. The only sign that these marks were made by humans is a wall of palm prints, made by distinct individuals, and footprints made in soft clay by an eight-year-old boy. The boy’s footprints are next to that of a wolf, and we’ll never know if they were friends or prey, though it is clear the the boy wasn’t running, didn’t seem scared. A huge part of the wonderful power of the paintings is that they seem deeper than human achievement or understanding.
Julien Monney went down in the cave for five days, and then he decided not to go down any more. He said it was too moving, too powerful. Every night he was dreaming of lions–real lions and painted lions. He wasn’t scared of them, but he had a feeling of powerful things and deep things. He said that we need to find new a way to look at the cave paintings. Where would he start to search for this new way of looking? Everywhere. He tells the story of an archaeologist in Australia traveling with an aboriginal guide. They came upon some cave paintings that were thousands of years old, and fading and crumbling. His guide started to touch up the paintings. The archaeologist asked him why he would do that, and he replied that he wasn’t doing it, he wasn’t painting, it was only the hand of the spirit.
You have the feeling, when looking at the Chauvet paintings, that this is the only explanation for this beautiful series of pictures. They were painted in the same style, but hundreds of years apart. As Herzog explains, “You are confronted with abysses of time that are, in a way, unfathomable. You see a painting in charcoal of reindeer and it was left unfinished and somebody else finished it. But through radio carbon dating we know that the next one completed the painting 5,000 years later. You’re just blown away by the notion of passage of time. We have no relationship to that kind of depth of time.” Cave bears have scratched at the walls below the pictures and across the pictures, as though they were trying to add to them, or to make them disappear. I’ve always believed that humans aren’t the center of everything, that there’s some spiritual force in the earth and the air that we can’t control or understand. Maybe the animals understand it better than we do because they’re not always making noise like we are. In a strange way these cave paintings seem to reinforce these ideas. Whatever was captured in the caverns, we were part of it, but not the only part, not the most important part.
Herzog ends the film with shots of a nuclear power plant near the caves, and he tells us that in Lascaux, mildew formed by the breath of tourists caused the paintings to deteriorate. It gives you a powerful feeling that we have to stop destroying things, stop making noise, stop taking things apart in order to understand them. We have to keep silent, and watch and listen and feel.